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This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in three communities in Otukpo Local Government Area of Benue State. It identified risk factors, determined the most affected gender and age groups among the three communities, it also identifies indigenous control measures used and their efficacy. Questionnaires administered showed that the community with the highest infection had more contact with parasite infested water. One hundred and thirty nine (139) urine samples were collected from communities and examined for Schistosoma ova using the standard microscopy. Results showed a total prevalence of 4.3%, highest prevalence of schistomiasis 7.1% in male's age groups of ll-20years than the females 6.7%.Two water activities bathing and washing were mainly responsible for the transmission. Remedies used to treat schistotsomiasis included Orthodox and herbal. Therefore, necessary control measures must be taken to reduce the communities contact with cercariae in parasite infested water. Washing and swimming in water bodies that could possibly contain the infective parasite. Also, individuals should get themselves treated as soon as they notice symptoms of the disease.
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