Asian Journal of Medical Principles and Clinical Practice http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Medical Principles and Clinical Practice</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJMPCP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Medical Science and Clinical Practice.&nbsp;AJMPCP will not only publish traditional full research reports, including short communications, but also this journal will publish reports/articles on all stages of the research process like study protocols, pilot studies and pre-protocols. AJMPCP&nbsp;is novelty attracting, open minded, peer-reviewed medical periodical, designed to serve as a perfectly new platform for both mainstream and new ground shaking works as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results.&nbsp;This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalajmpcp.com (Asian Journal of Medical Principles and Clinical Practice) contact@journalajmpcp.com (Asian Journal of Medical Principles and Clinical Practice) Wed, 03 Feb 2021 10:28:30 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Perspective of Different Cadres of Non-Clinical Healthcare Workers on COVID 19 in Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP/article/view/30137 <p><strong>Background:</strong> COVID-19 is a disease that can be transmitted through air droplets. The knowledge of infection control is important among Health Care Workers (HCW). A lot has been done to educate clinical HCW about the disease, leaving out non-clinical HCW.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practice among the different cadre of non-clinical HCW in Bingham University Teaching Hospital (BHUTH) Jos.</p> <p><strong>Design:</strong> Cross-sectional study.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The average score on knowledge of non-clinical HCW was good with 75% of the questions answered correctly. However, some questions on knowledge were poor with 17% correctly answered. The score on attitude of the workers was average with 65% of the questions on attitude answered correctly, while about 80% of the question on practice was answered correctly. Similarly, some questions on attitude and practice scores were poor with 40% and 46% respectively. There was no significant difference in the scores on knowledge between the different cadre of non-clinical HCW (F=1.5, <em>P</em>=0.23). Comparably, there was also no difference in the scores on practice between the different cadre of non-clinical HCW (F=1.1, <em>P</em>=0.34). However, there was a significant difference in the scores on attitude between the different cadre of non- clinical HCW (F=3.54, <em>P</em>=0.02). The box plots on knowledge scores were similar among the different non-clinical health care workers. The physiotherapist/Lab technologist had the highest score in attitude among the non-clinical HCW, they also had the highest minimum score in practice.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study showed that the knowledge of non-clinical workers on COVID-19 in the hospital was good in some knowledge questions and poor in other questions. The attitude and practice of the non-clinical HCW was better among the physiotherapist/lab technologist compared to other non- HCW.</p> M. Shehu, H. Shehu, A. Nwoko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP/article/view/30137 Wed, 03 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Attitude of Morticians towards Health Hazard and Safety Practices in Hospitals and Private Centres in Rivers State http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP/article/view/30138 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Mortuary services are integral to the compendium of services provided by a tertiary healthcare centre. It is a procedure involved in the receipt, storage and release of the deceased. Managing this process safely, securely, efficiently, effectively and appropriately is the core business of mortuary services teams.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;The study investigated attitudes toward health hazards and safety practices among Morticians in hospitals and private centres in Rivers state.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The study population consisted of three hundred and seven (307) morticians in all registered mortuaries both government and private centres in Rivers state. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The validity of the questionnaire was established as valid by three experts. The reliability coefficient of 0.86 was obtained. Research questions were answered using mean, standard deviation and percentage, while data were analysed using the z-test to test hypotheses.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The finding of the study showed that the majority of the morticians had a positive attitude toward health hazards and safety practices (2.7, ± 0.98). The findings show a significant difference in attitude toward safety practices based on age (z-cal = 1.669, df = 305, p &lt; 0.01). The findings of this study show a significant difference in the attitude towards safety practices based on gender (z-cal = 2.464, df = 305, p &lt; 0.01).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on the findings, it was concluded that morticians in Rivers State have a positive attitude toward health hazards and safety practices in hospitals and private centers.</p> Kana Freeman Pobari, Georgy Ogonna Obiechina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP/article/view/30138 Sat, 06 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Association between Maternal Demographic Factors and Birth Weight http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP/article/view/30139 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Fetal weight at birth is of paramount importance to the obstetrician and neonatologist; it’s a key factor in management decisions. The major determinants of birth weight are obstetrics, genetic, and maternal demographic factors.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The objective of this study is to determine the influence of maternal demographic factors on birth weight.&nbsp; Specifically, it would determine the effects of body mass index, parity, tribe, maternal age, gestational age at delivery, educational level, height and occupation on birth weight.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>It was an observational cross-sectional study of 1620 booked pregnant women who delivered at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital. Their case notes were retrieved and relevant information such parity, educational level, maternal age, tribe, and occupation was obtained. Others were maternal height and weight at booking, gestational age at delivery, and birth weight. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from height and weight and categorized. Data was analyzed with Chi square, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, simple linear regression, and multivariate analysis</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The mean birth weight was 3.11 ± 0.5kg, and a great majority of the babies (88.7%) were of normal birth weight; the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) and fetal macrosomia were 6.8% and 4.1% respectively. Fetal macrosomia was associated with advanced maternal age (&gt; 40 years), X2= 32.32, p = 0.0001, employment, Odds ratio = 3.15(1.03. 9.62), and obesity class 1 and 11, p = 0.004, and p = 0.003 respectively. LBW was significantly associated with underweight women, Odds ratio = 7.63(3, 09. 18, 88), and delivery of very low birth weight (VLBW) babies was higher among women from Igbo tribe, Odds ratio = 4.64 (1.85, 11.56).</p> <p>Using multivariate analysis, maternal demographic factors could only explain 19.6% of the factors responsible for birth; the most important predictors were gestational age at delivery, maternal height, educational level and BMI.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Though maternal demographic factors significantly affects birth weight, the bulk of the determinants (80.4%) are outside these factors, and it could be from genetic, obstetrics or environmental factors.</p> Ikobho Ebenezer Howells, Ikeanyi Eugene Maduabuchukwu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journalajmpcp.com/index.php/AJMPCP/article/view/30139 Mon, 15 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000